44th National Táncház Festival & Fair • 4–6 April 2025
Starting page: 5
Kóka Rozália: History of the Bukovina Székely Hungarians from Madéfalva to today
The complex story of the Bukovina Székely Hungarians begins in the Transylvanian village of Madéfalva (Siculeni, Harghita County, Romania) in December 1763 when under the reign of Maria Teresa, the Vienna Court changed laws that had until then given the Székely Hungarian people of this region certain rights and freedoms. Angry with the changes, in December of 1763 the Székely Hungarians revolted. Then in January of 1764 the Austrians attacked the Hungarians. Many people died in the massacre. Some 10,000 Székely Hungarians then fled east to Moldavia to hide. By 1774 the Hungarians were pardoned and invited to settle in Bukovina. As a result, in 1776-77 one hundred Székely Hungarian families moved from Moldavia to Bukovina and founded five villages, living there until 1941. Simplifying the story, when life in Bukovina and the political situation became very unfavorable because of WWII, the Hungarian government decided to relocate these Hungarian speaking people to Hungary’s Bácka region (today in northern Serbia). As mentioned above these Hungarians were eventually settled in Hungary’s Tolna, Baranya and Bács-Kiskun counties.
Includes bibliography